Fact vs Fiction
Test Your Knowledge of Qualified Charitable Distributions
A qualified charitable distribution (QCD) is a direct transfer of funds from your IRA to a qualified charity.
True or false?
A QCD can be used to satisfy all or part of your required minimum distribution (RMD), and you won’t have to pay taxes on the amount distributed.
If all of the requirements are met, a QCD is not a taxable event, meaning you won’t pay taxes on the distribution to a qualified charity, and the amount will be excluded from your income, which could help you avoid moving into a higher tax bracket. In addition, a QCD can satisfy all or part of your RMD for the year. The maximum QCD is $100,000 per taxpayer (not per account), per year.
To be eligible to make a QCD:
- You must be at least 70½ years old on the date of the distribution (not simply turning 70½ during the tax year when the distribution is made).
- QCDs must be made from an individual IRA; they cannot come from SEP and SIMPLE IRAs or from any other type of employer retirement plan.
- The distribution must be for the benefit of a 501(c)(3) organization. Private foundations, support organizations, and donor-advised funds do not qualify.
In order for the QCD to satisfy your RMD for the current tax year, you must make the distribution (and ideally have the check cashed by the charity, completing the donation) by your RMD deadline, which is generally December 31.
For more information about QCDs, see IRS Publication 590-B.
Have You Considered a Donor-Advised Fund?
For those who are charitably inclined, establishing a donor-advised fund (DAF) allows you to:
- Make a charitable contribution to the fund and receive an immediate tax deduction.
- Recommend donations to qualified charities at any time while still receiving the up-front tax deduction.
- Assign the fund a name of your choosing.
- Have your contributions to the fund managed by your financial advisor and grow tax-free.
- All of the above.
Upon establishing a DAF, a donor makes an irrevocable charitable contribution to the fund and immediately receives the maximum tax deduction that the IRS allows. The donor can then recommend charitable grants from the fund at any time. The DAF bears whatever name the donor chooses, grows tax-free, and can be managed by the donor’s preferred financial advisor.
Test Your Tax Knowledge
What is the alternative minimum tax (AMT)?
A. The AMT prevents individuals from paying too little tax by limiting deductions and exemptions.
B. The AMT is an additional tax for individuals who surpass certain income thresholds.
C. The AMT is a minimum tax that applies to sales of real estate for personal use.
D. The AMT applies only to corporations to ensure that income generated within the United States is taxed at a minimum rate.
Answer: A. The AMT imposes a limit on the amount of tax benefits you can claim to reduce your regular tax burden. In other words, if exemptions and deductions reduce the total tax you owe below the AMT limit, you must pay the higher AMT amount. Exercising incentive stock options and claiming a large number of personal exemptions are two common factors that may trigger the AMT.
This material has been provided for general informational purposes only and does not constitute either tax or legal advice. Although we go to great lengths to make sure our information is accurate and useful, we recommend you consult a tax preparer, professional tax advisor, or lawyer.